Nature is wrapped in mystery and it keeps surprising us. Science has given us answers to many questions. Well, that’s just the tip of the iceberg. There are so many unanswered questions. Sometimes it’s just hard for us to understand how things work.
Some of us have a hard time understand the complex system. In this article, we will focus on melanistic animals.
Melanistic animals are the pure opposite of albino animals. These animals don’t have their usual color and they are black. Melanism is a rare genetic mutation. It occurs when the body sees an increased development of dark-colored pigment melanin in the skin.
The genetic mutation is the opposite of albinism and leucism and it’s common in amphibians, reptiles, and mammals. Melanistic animals are gracious and elegant. They are here to remind us of the diversity in nature.
Scientists explain that melanistic animals blend better in their natural habitat. It turns out that melanism is actually doing animals a favor.
When it comes to humans, melanism manifests through dark patches on the skin.
Pseudo-melanism or abundism is a condition in which animals are darker than usual. The patches on their skin are much bigger, and the animal looks darker than it should be.
There are three types of pigmentation. Erythrism represents the extra red and orange pigment, xanthism is the extra yellow pigment in combination with the lack of other pigmentation, and axanthism which is the lack of yellow pigmentation.
Nature is wonderful, right?
Imagine seeing a black King Penguin. They usually wear the trademark tuxedo coloring. Well, melanism turns them black. Some wildlife observers have spotted a completely black penguin in a group of black and white birds in the British territory of South Georgia. According to one expert, the odds of one completely black penguin are “one in a zillion.”
Watchers have seen black panthers, wolves, chicken, barn owl, squirrel, silver foxes, blue-tongued skink, flamingo, etc.