The Victoria Crowned Pigeon Is The Largest, Most Beautiful Pigeon In The World

We have seen so many beautiful birds, but the Victoria crowned pigeon is definitely on top of our list. This bird definitely deserves its spot up there. Our planet is full of many enchanting species, and birds make it even more beautiful.

The Victoria crowned pigeon (Goura Victoriana) is endemic to the island of New Guinea in the south Pacific.

It’s interesting to note that they have a “black mask” around their red eyes. You can’t ignore their elegant plumage and head lace-like crests.

These birds were named after Queen Victoria from the 19th century. The queen ruled with the kingdom at the time English ornithologists first documented the pigeon.

The Victoria crowned pigeon grows up to 31.5 inches and weighs about 7.7 pounds. It’s one of the three crowned pigeons – the western crowned pigeon (Goura cristata) and Scheepmaker’s crowned pigeon (Goura scheepmakeri). However, the “crowns” of these pigeons looks like fur.

These pigeons fly in flocks and you can see them on the forest floor pretty often. If threatened by a predator, the pigeons go up in the trees, releasing loud clapping noise.

Males attract their ladies with their colorful breast feathers. The ladies wear gray “gowns.” Suitors dance around their ladies to reveal their crests and bow their head towards them. Classy. If a lady gives her suitor a green light, he “brings her sticks, which she weaves into a nest for her single egg.”

Momma pigeons lay only one egg per mating season which is why their population has seen a decline. Poachers and deforestation are top causes for their reduced number.

The Victoria crowned pigeon likes fruit, especially figs. They have hard time finding fruits due to deforestation. Illegal trades are also a problem as these birds are sold as exotic pets.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has listed the Victoria crowned pigeon as “near threatened.” Today, there are only 10,000-20,000 birds in the wild.